Apha Committee Says No To Job-Related Drug Tests

Pharmacists should not be tested by their employers for use of illegal drugs. There also should be no pre-employment “screening” drug tests for R.Ph.s. That’s the position one of the American Pharmaceutical Association’s policy committees has urged the organization to endorse at its 137th annual meeting next month.

APhA policy committees also made recommendations on more than a dozen other topics, including legalization of illicit drugs, needle exchange programs, freedom of choice, pharmacy school curriculums, and reimbursement for unapproved drug uses.

More drug test: The most controversial issue before the APhA house of delegates is likely to be drug testing. An increasing number of firms are requiring drug tests, at least for job applicants.

Jack Eckerd Corp., for instance, has launched a mandatory drug testing program for employees. The Florida-based company believes it is the first major drug chain to do so. Under a pilot plan, workers in 350 of Eckerd’s stores must undergo periodic urine tests and all job applicants must be tested as a condition of employment. Every employee accepting a promotion also must be tested.

Effectiveness questioned: APhA’s policy committee on professional affairs expressed concern over the reliability of current drug tests. It also stated: “Routine, scheduled tests will not deter off-duty drug abuse, since employees can test negative by avoiding drug use before the test.”

The committee continued: “Mandatory drug testing, like polygraph testing, might work as a deterrent, but it arguably violates constitutional protections against unreasonable search and seizure, as well as common expectations of privacy. Thus, the committee supports policy opposing drug testing in the employment context.”

The policy committees also recommended that APhA adopt these positions: . Oppose decriminalization or legalization of the possession, use, sale, or distribution of drug substances for nonmedicinal purposes. . Study the effectiveness of pilot needle and syringe exchange programs for preventing the spread of human immunodeficiency virus and other infectious diseases. . Affirm a patient’s right to use any pharmacy without financial penalties or disincentives. Affirm a pharmacy’s right to participate in any third-party program under equal conditions and terms. . Work with schools, colleges of pharmacy, and other pharmacy organizations “to address differences between contemporary pharmacy practice and curriculum offerings.” . Support coverage by third-party payers of unapproved uses of drugs approved by the Food & Drug Administration.

Source Citation   (MLA 7th Edition)

Conlan, Michael F. “APhA committee says No to job-related drug tests.” Drug Topics 19 Feb. 1990: 12. General OneFile. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

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Drug_testing_myths

The Top 3 Myths on Passing Drug Tests

Whenever the topic of drug screens works its way into a conversation, there is bound to be someone who says, “I heard that you could pass a drug screen by doing (insert anything from taking various herbs to eating baking soda, exercising for hours and drinking gallon after gallon of water).” However, the truth is that most of these suggestions will do absolutely nothing except leave you with a positive result and the potential for being accused of tampering with the test.

Although there are countless myths regarding how you can pass a drug screen, let’s focus on the three most popular and examine why they are completely false.

 

Myth #1

“All you have to do is taking a niacin supplement. It will flush everything right out of your system.”

This myth has run rampant for years, possibly decades, and is almost certain to have sent plenty of people running to their local grocery store or pharmacy. Unfortunately for them, it does NOT work, not even for marijuana or when it is followed by a big glass of cranberry juice. There is a chance that it may have worked in the past, but the drug screens used today are far more advanced. It simply will not work.

niacin_for_drug_testingNiacin is also known as vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid. It can be purchased as part of a B-complex vitamin or individually. So, how did niacin get its reputation as a go to supplement to keep you from failing a drug screen? This can be traced back to people realizing that niacin is able to effectively dilate blood vessels which results in a flushing effect. However, there is NO evidence that this has any impact on the concentration of drugs, especially marijuana, in your urine.

Actually, taking niacin in large doses results in some unpleasant side effects, including itching, fever, dehydration, and dry skin. In fact, too much niacin in the blood can cause liver toxicity, jaundice, and the accumulation of excess fluid in the abdomen.

 

Myth #2

“Just take some goldenseal. You’ll test clean every time.”

This myth traces back to the novel “Stringtown on the Pike” that was written by an American pharmacist and herbalist, John Uri Lloyd, in 1901. Again, there is a chance that this may have worked in the past, but it does not now. Goldenseal is able to effectively detox the body of unknown microorganisms. However, goldenseal cannot mask the presence of illegal drugs and provide a negative result when a drug screen is performed, regardless of whether it is in ingested in the form of a pill, tea, or capsule.

In fact, there are reports that labs now have the ability to test urine samples for the presence of goldenseal. If it is found, it can be considered as an attempt to cheat. It is simply not worth it to try it.

 

Myth #3

“It is really simple. You just need to drink a ton of water the night before the test and you’ll be fine.”

​Whether you refer to it as flushing or dilution, drinking huge amounts of water does NOT work. In fact, drinking excessive amounts of water can result in hyperhydration, a life threatening condition that is characterized by a disturbance in brain function and a severe electrolyte imbalance. In a worst case scenario, it can cause death.

Additionally, if you try this, you are almost certain to get caught when you take your test. How? Diluting your urine will give it a noticeably paler color than normal, as well as lower its creatinine level and specific gravity. Most urine tests include a panel that makes certain both of these levels are within a normal range. If the test itself does not check these levels, it can be sent to a lab. In some companies, diluting a sample is considered a failed test.

The truth is that the only surefire way to pass a drug screen is by being clean. No amount of bleach, ammonia, salt, lemon juice, vinegar, Drano, etc. are able to mask or destroy drugs in your system. If you work for a company that does drug testing, play it safe and stay away from illegal substances.

piss

The Best Way To Do a Piss Drug Test

Drug testing is continually finding more advance ways in conducting their tests. In contrast, people undergoing drug testing are also finding more techniques in passing them. There are multiple ways of conducting a drug test: hair follicle tests, blood tests, breath, oral fluid tests, sweat and the most common, urine tests. Most urine tests are done for government and security purposes.

 

Significance of a Drug Test

Most people, especially drug user, get afraid of getting a drug test. Most people only find drug testing a nuisance and that the main purpose is to catch a drug user. Here below are the main reasons why a drug test is being conducted.

  • Illegal Drug Use

It is a way for government and non-government agencies would be able to detect a person who might pose a threat to others or the individual himself due to drug influence.

  • Employment

Employers and Employment Agencies usually require drug tests nowadays. It is to give provide their companies a safer environment as well as a sound reputation.

  • Government Documentation

Some countries require individuals to undergo a drug test before they can get a passport; some even require students to pass a drug test before they can enroll into a certain school.

  • Psychological Effects

BrainOveruse of any type of illegal drug causes psychological disturbances that might result to various crimes.

  • Medical Purposes

People who wish to donate blood or organs need to pass a drug test. This would ensure the medical safety of the patient wished to be helped.

 

Properly Undergoing a Drug Test

To successfully and accurately get your results without any hassle, the tips below ill aid you in perfecting that Drug Test.

  • Don’t take anything before having a drug test

The best way to get the right results is when your body hasn’t had anything. It allows a more accurate drug test because even consumption of food or certain types of drinks may even have an effect in certain drug tests. Because of this, it is better to be tested in the morning.

  • Catch your pee in mid-flow or midstream

Don’t catch your pee right when you start, the tendency of your sexual organ having dirt or bacteria may affect results. Catch your pee in the middle because this is the cleanest and most sterile part of your pee and is ideal to be tested.

  • Store your pee properly

If peeing is difficult for you, collect your pee in a sterile air-tight container and put it in the refrigerator at 4oC (39oF) not more than 24 hours. But the best way would be giving a fresh batch right before your test or at least 30 minutes before your get tested.

  • Mentioning your medication

If you happen to be under a series of prescribed medication, let the testing agency know immediately before taking a test. It would let them know if they should eliminate any chemicals related to your medication.

Here’s a helpful video on drug testing:

Ten Steps in Getting a Urine Test

Taking a urine test for the first time may be scary for a first-timer, but it is, in fact, a simple procedure. Follow the guideline below and be rest assured that drug testing is not as difficult as being diagnosed for a sickness.

  1. Go to the testing agency.
  2. The person, who will administer the test, will give you a form to fill-out and a specimen cup.
  3. You have to leave your belongings in a secured area before being tested.
  4. If in a hospital, they might require you to strip and use a hospital gown instead. If not, a technician may be asked to accompany you to avoid tampering your pee.
  5. Before peeing, the technician will provide a moist cloth or wipe to wipe your groin area.
  6. Go to the toilet and pee.
  7. Make sure not to collect your pee when you start, always wait for midstream before your start collecting.
  8. Also, make sure that the sample cup will not touch your genitals.
  9. When finished, tightly close the lid on the sample cup and hand it to the technician in-charge.
  10. Wait for your results and collect your results after the allotted time the technician told you.

For more help…Go here.

 

Myths about Individuals in Passing a Drug Test

Some people do crazy things knowing that they would have to undergo a drug test. Here below are some of the things that people do to pass a drug test.

  • Drinking Plenty of Water

Drinking plenty of water may dilute traces of the drug used but because of advanced technology in drug testing, low levels of creatdiet-exerciseinine may still be detected in the urine. This may result to the individual being asked to undergo a broader drug test.

  • Using someone’s pee

This is a common notion for most users but the use of other people’s pee does not guarantee the absence of any chemical that might trigger a positive result. This gives the testing agency the right to conduct further testing once found out that an individual used someone else’s pee.

  • Adulterating their pee

Using bleach, ammonia, vinegar and more are commonly used by individuals to ‘clean’ their pee. But due to more recent drug testers, these chemicals are easily detected.

  • Dieting and Exercising

People believe that a fiber diet and exercising to induce sweat will significantly clean the body. But proper dieting and exercise would require a person to undergo this process for months before their body is cleansed.